Archive for January, 2011

PHS Field Trip and Tour

The Perak Heritage Society is organizing a field trip to the pre-historic Tambun Rock Paintings, the Naga Mas Fossils and and a walk in Gopeng town.

Date        : Sunday, 30 January 2011
Meet       : 8.45 am outside PHS Office: 85 Jalan Sultan Abdul Jalil,
opposite the Syuen Hotel.
Cost        : Members and children under parental guidance – FREE
Non-members – RM10
Booking : Sundralingam: 012-5057654; booking required, first come, first
served. Maximum 20 pax.

Part 1: (9 am to 1pm)
Destination 1: Gunung Panjang, Tambun
Destination 2: Gunung Naga Mas, Gopeng
Read more about them in Heritage News: “Rock of Ages: Treasures of Malaysia by Liz Price” .
(You may access past issues of Heritage News in our blog.)

Part 2: optional (2 pm to 4.30 pm)
A walk in Gopeng
After Gunung Naga Mas, we proceed to Gopeng for lunch, at your own expense.
Destinations: Gopeng Museum, the new “Heritage House”, what’s left of the water pipelines and other sites.

Sun protection, mosquito repellent and comfortable footwear recommended.
Don’t forget to bring along your thirst quencher.

Tambun Rock Paintings/Naga Mas Fossils

– Notice to All Visitors-
Welcome to one of the most significant pre-historic sites in Malaysia Pre-historical relics are rare but important because of what we can learn from them.
The locations where they are found are important as it presents to us the context for their significance within the region.
It is a rare opportunity to be able to enjoy significant relics in their natural state.
To protect and conserve this site, please observe the following:


1.   Take notes and pictures. You will be pleasantly surprised by the details captured which may have eluded your gaze.

2.   Stay on the designated path to avoid damaging the site and for your own safety. Rock-falls can seriously injure or kill.

3.   Get in touch with Perak Heritage Society if you wish to know more about this site:

4.   Report any abuse or encroachment upon the site to PHS. Pictures will be of great help.

5.   Help to conserve this site by keeping it clean & hazard free. Dispose of wastes appropriately. It is best that you take them away to the nearest waste bins provided.


1.   Don’t remove any relic or material from the site.

2.   Don’t touch, paint, draw or climb up the rock face; it is to preserve    the relic as well as to mind your own safety.

3.   Don’t litter; wastes attract pests, contaminate the site, and pose a fire & health hazard.

4.   Don’t smoke within the vicinity of the site. It’s both a fire and health hazard.

Note: It is an offence to remove, damage or deface historical artefacts, the penalties include a hefty fine and jail time.

Proposed by Mr Cheah Soon Tatt, Penang, 2009




“Perak’s Contribution to Global Archaeology”

Text and photos by Lau Sook Mei

An exhibition at the Darul Ridzuan Museum (17-26 Dec 2010)

The exhibition was jointly organized by USM’s Global Archaeological Research Centre and the museum, with a focus on the archaeological sites in Lenggong Valley, Hulu (Upper) Perak. Lenggong Valley is one of the most important prehistoric archaeological sites in Southeast Asia .

Various ancient rocks found in Lenggong Valley.

Attractive posters provided information on the excavations in Lenggong Valley while ancient suevite rocks and stone tools were displayed in glass cabinets. Dated to different periods, the tools were found in Bukit Bunuh, Kota Tampan, Bukit Jawa, Gua Gunung Runtuh and Gua Teluk Kelawar. A short computer-generated video showed the impact of the meteorite crash in Bukit Bunuh.

Sone tools embedded in a suevite rock from Bukit Bunuh.

Stony meteorite is a meteorite that consists of silicate minerals. This was from Bukit Bunuh.

The prehistory of Lenggong Valley dates back 1.83 million years, encompassing the Palaeolithic, Neolithic and the Bronze Ages. Prehistoric man had lived along the ancient Sungai Perak, a source of clean water, with an unlimited resource of pebbles for making tools. It was then savannah-like, a place rich in flora and fauna. Then, a meteorite crashed into “Bukit Bunuh” area, which started an inferno that destroyed most of the Palaeolithic sites. Due to the extreme high temperatures different rock types melted. When cooled they formed the suevite rock which is associated with meteorite impact craters. Stone tools, hand axes and chopping tools had been found embedded in such rocks, affirming the existence of prehistoric man in Lenggong Valley before the crash.

Different kinds of stone tools.

Potsherds from Gua Harimau (4,000 - 5,000 years ago)

Replicas of Bronze mould and axe from Gua Harimau (4,000 - 5,000 years ago).

A key exhibit was a replica of the 11,000 year-old Perak Man, the country’s oldest and most complete Palaeolithic skeleton, found in 1991 at Gua Gunung Runtuh.

Shell necklace from Gua Harimau (4,000 - 5,000 years ago).

The exhibition also touched on “rock art”, a communication medium used by the prehistoric man to depict events, experiences and thoughts in three categories: human figures, animal figures and abstract or geometry designs. Although not mentioned some of these could be found at Gua Badak, Lenggong and Gunung Panjang, Tambun.

Rock art of animal figures.

Another feature in the exhibition was the “henyak”, a wind shelter made of palm leaves and bamboo and used by the early hunter-gatherers, the Negrito – an orang asli tribe believed to be the earliest inhabitants in the Malay Peninsula .

Henyak - an early dwelling.

A peep into the Henyak.

Excavation works are still on-going at Lenggong Valley .

In June 2010 the Perak government expressed its intent to make Lenggong Valley a UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) World Heritage Site. It has been nominated by the National Heritage Department. Prehistoric Archaeological Heritage of Lenggong Valley is now on the Tentative List of the World Heritage List.


Perak Heritage Society

Persatuan Warisan Perak
(Reg. No. 1254) was registered with the Registrar of Societies in August, 2003.

Office and Postal Address:
85C, Jalan Sultan Abdul Jalil,
30300 IPOH, Perak, Malaysia.
(opposite the Syuen Hotel)

Fax: 05-253 5507


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